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Objectives

 

The objectives of the Centre are:

The objective for setting up this research centre was to explain and assess federalism as a socio-cultural theory recognising pluralism as the basis of accommodation and peaceful co-existence; as a political principle finding a pattern of constitutional diffusion of power; and exploring how interdependence can be the functioning principle of administrative arrangements, coordinating the legitimate distribution of power, authority and responsibility between governments and their various organs and institutions. The work at the Centre, in its studies and researches, has been in the above context. As an inter-disciplinary research centre, the Centre for Federal Studies has sought to contribute to a better understanding of the above issues in a comparative setting of different federal polities.

Besides institutional research, publications of books and publication of a bi-annual research journal, organisation of seminars/ conferences and workshops, the Centre also imparts research guidance to scholars working for their Ph.Ds in Federal Studies. Research is undertaken at the Centre on theoretical, practical and allied aspects of comparative federalism, state politics, constitutionalism and political developments in federal systems around the world.

THEMATIC THRUST :

Since Federalism has been evolving into a dynamic theory of nation-building and state-formation, the basic thrust of research at the Centre of Federal Studies has so far been on harmonization of state-society relations and finding ways of coordination and power-sharing in an accommodating manner among socio- cultural groups. The work at the Centre has been in the context of federalism as a socio-cultural theory recognising pluralism as the basis of accommodation and peaceful co-existence; as a political principle finding a pattern of constitutional diffusion of power; and exploring how interdependence can be the functioning principle of administrative arrangements, coordinating the legitimate distribution of power, authority and responsibility between governments and their various organs and institutions.

The Centre has believed that the process of nation state building in a plural society, like in India, can be aptly termed as Federal Nation-Building---- the process that weaves together the culturally discreet groups in a union type federal polity which articulates the federal qualities ( diversity) of the society while retaining the respective identities and integrities of the constituting units. Thus, the emphasis so far has been on the study of unity of polity and plurality of society. Since the objective is to bridge the gap between polity and society, a multi-disciplinary approach is taken in the studies of social-federalism at this Centre. As an inter-disciplinary research centre, the Centre for Federal Studies seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the above issues in a comparative setting of different federal polities. The studies focus on the working of federal nation building in India, taking in the examples of similar workings in Europe, Canada, the USA, Australia and other Asian counries. Particular emphasis is given to studies of plural-federal polities

Now that the Centre has done considerable work in the above areas, it is felt that the ambit of research be widened to include policy areas in governance, issues concerning equitable and practical distribution of powers and responsibilities between different tiers of governance, devolution and decentralisation in governance, Federal Dimensions of the Governmental Role in areas such as: Quality Governance, Result-oriented Action Plans for providing responsive administration, Financial and Infra-structural Constraints in Governance, and other areas of Fiscal Federalism. All these studies are comparative in nature, analysing the Indian polity with other federal polities.


 

 

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