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Indian Journal of Federal Studies (1/2011)

ISSN No. 0976-8408

Models of Federalism

Jan-Erik Lane


Federal arrangements used to constitute a set of options when organising a state. Today they are also relevant when regional organisations are set up. Yet, the plain truth is that the real set of federal states is small, comparing their number with that of unitary states. This calls for an enquiry into the rationale of federalism. It has been argued in various theories of federal organisation that it enhances decentralisation, democracy, defence and political or policy stability. None of these explanations hold up for a critical scrutiny, at least not generally. The basic rationale of federalism is the governance of size, whether area or population.

[Page No. 39 - 50]





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