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Indian Journal of Federal Studies
(Vol.XIII, No.1, 2012)

ISSN No. 0976-8408

Vedanta, Bauxite and Dongaria Kondh: A Case of Tribal Self-Determination 

- Ajay Kumar Singh


Used as metonym, Vendants, Bauxite and Dongaria Kondh together combine to write a text on the principles of right to self-determination within the constutitonal provisions regulating Indian federalism. Constitutional discourses and sanctions are deduced from interface of select important constitutional principles such as 'right to life', 'right to development' and democratised structures of village panchayats where emphasis is placed on the notion of community governance. As a matter of fact, it would not be an exaggeration to say that federalisation is promoted through means and ends of democracy. This is very much evident from judicial pronouncements in recent times. Earlier Art. 1 served as essential reference for devising contents of Indian federalism, but now other provisions are being examined ans assessed to ensure right to federalism of the people, community, nation and state. Notion of 'segmented autonomy' is being provided maximalist interpretation to ensure self-governance of the people. In other words, Supreme Court of India, instead of only state-centric appraisal of federalism, offers people centric view of federalism. This can be clearly gathered from the latest judgment of the Supreme Court in Orissa Mining Corporation Ltd. v. Ministry of Environment & Forest & Ors., 2013. 

[Page No. 93 - 111]





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